The History And Significance Of Lord Hanuman In India

Lord Hanuman is one of the most popular deities, that represent the divine power and benevolence. His life and personality inspires selflessness, fearlessness and devotion. His character has a simplicity that makes him a revered ideal for all of us..
The History and Significance of Lord Hanuman in India
Source - Wikimedia Commons (

One of most popular deities among Hindus is Lord Hanuman.  A supernaturally endowed character with unlimited powers, a  bal brahmachari, a perfect devotee and friend of Lord Ram and a savior of all pure souls in the mortal world, Hanuman remains the favorite of hundreds of millions in India, who religiously worship him, pray to him and look to him for inspiration, guidance and faith in the goodness of the world and benevolence nature of universal forces. Here is an introduction to the life and character of Hanuman….


In Indian religious philosophy, there are certain unique concepts not seen in other

later religions, in particular those evolved in the Middle East subsequently. One of them is the utmost importance given to duty, referred to as ‘dharma’, while the other is the concept that god can exist in any form, including as a human incarnation. Many of the popular deities are incarnations of the Lord, and their divinity is proved by their deeds and character. The existence of God, which is conceptualized as an omnipresent and all powerful, benevolent force of universe that exists since eternity and will never seize to exist, is actually reaffirmed by the existence of deities, all of which represent his different forms, and establish or promote goodness in this otherwise imperfect world. One of such deities is Lord Hanuman.

A Friend & Follower of Ram

One of the most commonly worshipped deities in India, LORD HANUMAN was the friend and follower of Lord Ram who is considered the incarnation of ‘Vishnu’. Hanuman, himself is considered an incarnation of ‘Rudra’ or ‘Shiv’, as he is considered to be representing the thirteenth character or form of Rudra. He is also referred as the son of winds or PAWAN PUTRA, since mythological tales describe that the essence of Lord Shiva was carried to his mother, ANJANI, by the god of winds or PAWAN. Hence, he was born with mystical powers of flying in the air.

He is one of the central characters in RAMAYAN, the ancient epic describing the life story of Lord Ram. He is portrayed as a model friend and devotee. His selfless devotion to Ram is the subject of folklore and one of the reasons of his being so highly revered even till date. In Ramayan, Hanuman is depicted as VAN-NAR, (literally meaning residents of the forest), a race of tribals living deep inside the forests. However, this word is also used for monkeys who live in the forest, and hence often there is a confusion that Hanuman is also a monkey, and many a times referred as Monkey king in

English scriptures.

A Central Character in Ramayan

In the story of Ramayan, Van-nar King Sugreev deputes his soldiers to search for Sita, Ram's wife who had been abducted by the king of Lanka, Ravan. When the soldiers reach the sea shore, they find that Lanka was across the width of about 90 miles of sea and none of them were capable of crossing it and reaching Lanka. Finally, it was Hanuman who crossed the sea, entered Lanka, met Sita, gave her the message that King Ram was coming. Subsequently he destroyed the garden where Sita was kept captive, and killed the soldiers as well as AKSHAY, the son of Ravan, who came to capture him. Then, when Ravan's son INDRAJIT attacked him with divine weapons, he surrendered in respect of those divine weapons. When he was taken to court, Ravan asked him to be punished by burning his tail. Instead Hanuman escaped and put many parts of Lanka on fire.

When LAKSHAMAN, Ram's brother who lived with him during his fourteen years of exile, was shot by Indrajit, Lord Hanuman brought the SANJEEVANI herb from Himalayas to treat him and save his life.

A Role Model for Selflessness

Lord Hanuman is the considered a deity by Indians till date, and indeed, is a very popular one, largely because of the great virtues that his personality espouses. His life is a impressive tale of simplicity that inspires similar virtues in their devotees. He is an ideal example of selfness and devotion to the Lord. Another part of his personality and character is his extreme detachment with all material wealth and sensual pleasures. He is full of valor and has unchallenged power,  yet he is absolutely free of greed, lust and ambition, making him an ideal example for young adults and students. His fearlessness is an inspiration for all and he is remembered by his devotees as a means of inspiration in all times, in particular, when faced with fear. Remembering him and his ways can inspire his devotees to overcome their fears, both from known threats and unknown ones.

Please login to comment on this post.
There are no comments yet.
The Class Divisions Of Ancient India
The Importance Of Review Of Related Literature In A Research Paper